Hemorrhoid Surgery: Recovery Time, Symptoms and Tips

Hemorrhoid Surgery

Hemorrhoid Surgery — Overview

Piles is alternative name of Hemorrhoid, which is easily removed by different methods. Hemorrhoid Surgery is one of the best method to remove. Additionally, in this article you will know full details about hemorrhoids. keep reading…

What is Hemorrhoids

These are swollen veins in your lower rectum and anus. They can cause discomfort, itching, and sometimes bleeding. So, Hemorrhoids can develop inside the rectum (internal hemorrhoids) or under the skin around the anus (external hemorrhoids).

Who is Most affected

Hemorrhoids mostly hit people between the ages of 45 and 65, but teens can get them too, though it’s pretty rare. The main culprits? Not enough fiber and water in their diets.

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Looking at the data, some countries are more affected by hemorrhoids than others. Israel and South Korea top the list globally, followed closely by Ethiopia and India. In India, about 40% of adults deal with hemorrhoids, with the numbers even higher among men (57.5% compared to 42.5% in women).

Globally, around 4.4% of people have hemorrhoids at any given time, but in places like Israel, South Korea, Ethiopia, and India, that number can shoot up to 40-52% of adults.

It’s worth noting that these figures might be skewed by how hemorrhoids are reported, access to healthcare, and cultural attitudes towards the condition. More detailed studies would help nail down the exact numbers and provide a better comparison across different countries.

In the U.S., it’s estimated that at least half of the population will have hemorrhoid symptoms at some point in their lives, with about 5% dealing with them at any given time. The good news is that treatments are effective. Rubber band ligation, for example, has an 87% cure rate with minimal complications, and Infrared Coagulation Therapy (IRC) also shows excellent long-term results.

Hemorrhoids aren’t life-threatening, so mortality rates are extremely low. In India specifically, they’re so common that many people refer to any perianal disease as hemorrhoids. It’s projected that around half of the Indian population will experience hemorrhoids by age 50.

while exact global numbers are hard to pin down due to different reporting methods and definitions, hemorrhoids are incredibly common, particularly in countries like India. With proper treatment, the cure rates are high and the risk of serious complications is low.

Hemorrhoid Surgery Explained

It’s a procedure you might need if your hemorrhoids are really bad and nothing else is working. This surgery, called a hemorrhoidectomy, basically means they remove the hemorrhoid tissue. Depending on how serious the hemorrhoids are and your overall health, they can do it with local, spinal, or general anesthesia.

But remember, this is surgery we’re talking about, so there are always risks and potential complications. That’s why doctors usually save this option for when other treatments haven’t done the trick.

Types of Hemorrhoid Surgery

There are several types of hemorrhoid surgery, each with its own advantages and best suited for different severities of hemorrhoids. Here’s a breakdown of the common ones:

  1. Rubber band ligation (RBL)
  2. Sclerotherapy
  3. Coagulation Therapy
  4. Surgical Procedures (Usually done in a hospital setting)

1. Rubber band ligation (RBL)

RBL is a popular non-surgical treatment for internal hemorrhoids, especially for grades II and III. Let’s dive into the key points:

Rubber band ligation (RBL)

Effectiveness by Hemorrhoid Grade

  • Great for Grades II and III: RBL works well for symptomatic second and third-degree internal hemorrhoids and can be done as an outpatient procedure.
  • Modified RBL for Better Results: A tweaked version of RBL significantly lowers the chances of grade III hemorrhoids coming back compared to the regular method.


  • Common Issues:
    • Pain (32%)
    • Bleeding (1-5%)
    • External hemorrhoid thrombosis (2-3%)
    • Ulceration
  • Serious Concern: Massive delayed bleeding can occur if the rubber band slips off too soon, which is the most serious complication.

Preventing Complications with Modified Techniques

  • New Techniques to Try:
    • Sclerobanding: Combining RBL with 3% polidocanol foam sclerotherapy.
    • Polymer Ligature Clip: Using a longer, nonabsorbable clip instead of a rubber band.
    • Silk Thread Ligation: Using a silk thread to tie the mucosa to prevent the band from slipping off early.

Future Developments

  • Endoscopic RBL (ERBL): This method combines traditional RBL with an endoscopic examination, offering:
    • Better control
    • The ability to take photos
    • Sedation within a hospital setting
  • Other Attempts: There have been trials with double rubber band ligation and injecting 50% glucose or polyglactin into the mucosal bulb, but these haven’t been very successful.

2. Sclerotherapy

It is a minimally invasive way to treat internal hemorrhoids, especially those that are grades II and III. Here’s what you need to know about sclerotherapy for different types of hemorrhoids:


Effectiveness by Hemorrhoid Grade

  • Sclerotherapy works well for grades II and III internal hemorrhoids. You can get this done as an outpatient procedure, meaning you don’t have to stay in the hospital.
  • The procedure involves injecting a chemical solution directly into the hemorrhoid, causing it to shrink and form scar tissue.

How the Procedure is Done

  • A doctor uses a proctoscope or anoscope to see the hemorrhoid clearly and guide the injection.
  • They use a fine needle to inject the sclerosing solution into the hemorrhoid tissue.
  • This solution irritates the blood vessel, making it shrink and collapse, which reduces the size of the hemorrhoid.


  • Sclerotherapy is minimally invasive and doesn’t require hospitalization.
  • It effectively reduces symptoms like bleeding, pain, itching, and discomfort from hemorrhoids.
  • Most patients can resume their normal activities shortly after the procedure.

Side Effects and Risks

  • You might feel mild discomfort or pressure during the injection, but this is usually brief.
  • After the procedure, you could experience some pain, bleeding, or a feeling of fullness in the anus for a day or two.
  • Rare complications include ulcers, prostatitis, hematospermia, hematuria, epididymitis, and impotence in men, as well as allergic reactions to the solution.

Future Developments

  • Researchers are exploring newer sclerosing agents and techniques to improve the procedure’s effectiveness and reduce complications.
  • Combining sclerotherapy with other treatments, like rubber band ligation, might enhance outcomes for some hemorrhoid grades.

3. Coagulation therapy

Coagulation therapy is a great option if you’re dealing with internal hemorrhoids, especially grades II and III. Let’s break down the essentials of this treatment:

Coagulation therapy

Effectiveness by Hemorrhoid Grade

  • Coagulation techniques, like infrared coagulation (IRC), work well for symptomatic second and third degree (grade II and III) internal hemorrhoids.


  • Infrared Coagulation (IRC): Uses heat to coagulate hemorrhoidal tissue, making it harden and shrink.
  • Laser Coagulation: Employs laser light to cut off blood flow to the hemorrhoidal plexus, which helps reduce the size of the hemorrhoids.


  • Minimally Invasive: These techniques are less invasive compared to traditional surgery and can be done as outpatient procedures.
  • Symptom Relief: They effectively reduce symptoms like bleeding, pain, and discomfort.
  • Low Discomfort: Coagulation usually has few side effects and causes minimal discomfort.

Side Effects and Risks

  • During the Procedure: You might feel mild discomfort or a sensation of pressure, but it’s typically brief.
  • After the Procedure: Some pain, minor bleeding, or a feeling of fullness in the anus might occur for a day or two.

Future Developments

  • Advanced Techniques: New methods, such as radiofrequency coagulation, are being explored to enhance outcomes and minimize complications.
  • Additional Benefits: These advanced techniques may also help strengthen the sphincter muscle, benefiting patients with fecal incontinence.

4. Surgical Procedures

surgical piles procedures


Hemorrhoidectomy is the surgical removal of internal or external hemorrhoids, highly effective for severe cases. Techniques include closed, open, and stapled procedures. Closed hemorrhoidectomy, with a 95% success rate, is common but painful postoperatively. Open hemorrhoidectomy leaves the wound open, while stapled hemorrhoidopexy (PPH) uses a stapling device to remove excess tissue, reducing pain and recovery time but with a higher recurrence rate.

Future Advancements

Newer methods like HeLP and Emborrhoid aim to improve outcomes by targeting hemorrhoidal blood supply using laser or embolization techniques.

Piles Symptoms

Common Symptoms of Hemorrhoids (Piles)

  • Bleeding:
    • Bright red blood on toilet paper, stool, or in the toilet bowl after a bowel movement. Often the first noticeable symptom.
  • Pain:
    • Discomfort, pain, or aching around the anus, especially while sitting.
    • Pain during bowel movements.
  • Itching:
    • Itchy and irritated skin around the anus.
  • Swelling:
    • Lumps or hard swellings near the anus (external hemorrhoids).
    • Prolapsed hemorrhoids (internal hemorrhoids that push through the anus).
  • Other Symptoms:
    • Mucus discharge from the anus.
    • Feeling of incomplete bowel movement even after using the toilet.

Important Note: If you experience heavy bleeding that doesn’t stop or blood clots with severe pain, seek immediate medical attention.

Symptoms Based on Hemorrhoid Type

  • Internal Hemorrhoids:
    • Often asymptomatic in early stages.
    • Blood on toilet paper or stool.
    • Prolapsed hemorrhoids may cause pain, discomfort, and irritation.
  • External Hemorrhoids:
    • Pain, itching, and discomfort around the anus.
    • Lumps or swellings near the anus.
    • Bleeding, especially if a blood clot forms within the hemorrhoid.

Is piles dangerous?

Hemorrhoids aren’t life-threatening: They don’t directly cause death or severe health issues.

Most cases resolve on their own: Especially internal ones, which often cause only mild discomfort and go away without needing medical treatment.

Effective treatments are available: You can manage symptoms and shrink hemorrhoids with various home remedies and medical treatments.

Complications are rare: In some uncommon cases, hemorrhoids can lead to complications, but this isn’t typical.

How to stop hemorrhoid bleeding instantly

Stopping hemorrhoid bleeding instantly might not be possible, but there are some things you can do to manage and reduce the bleeding. Here are a few tips that might help:

Home Remedies

Sitz Bath: Try soaking the affected area in warm water with some Epsom salts for about 15-20 minutes a few times a day. This can really help soothe the inflamed tissue and promote healing.

Witch Hazel: You can apply witch hazel pads or just dab the area with pure witch hazel (make sure it’s not alcohol-based). Witch hazel has astringent properties, which means it can help constrict blood vessels and reduce bleeding.

Cold Compress: Applying a cold compress wrapped in a towel to the affected area for 15-20 minutes a few times a day can reduce inflammation and numb the area temporarily.

Additional Tips

Increase Fiber Intake: Eating a lot of fiber-rich foods like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains helps soften stool, which can prevent straining during bowel movements—a major factor in worsening bleeding.

Stay Hydrated: Drinking plenty of water keeps stools soft, reducing the need for straining.

Over-the-counter Medications: You might consider using over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen or acetaminophen to manage discomfort and inflammation. There are also some hemorrhoid creams or suppositories that can offer temporary relief.

Reason for Piles

The main cause of piles (hemorrhoids) is increased pressure in the lower rectum and anus. The key points are:

  1. Constipation and straining
  2. Other factors that can increase pressure in the lower rectum and contribute to piles include:
    • Pregnancy, due to the extra weight and pressure from the growing fetus
    • Aging, as the tissue lining the anal canal becomes less supportive over time
    • Obesity, which increases overall abdominal pressure
    • Chronic diarrhea
    • Heavy lifting and straining
    • Prolonged sitting
    • Hereditary factors that make some people more susceptible
  3. In basic terms, the increased pressure leads to the veins and supporting tissues in the anal and rectal area becoming enlarged and swollen, resulting in the development of hemorrhoids.

Hemorrhoid surgery cover under health insurance

Alright, let’s talk about the nitty-gritty of hemorrhoid surgery and insurance coverage. So, if you’re considering going under the knife for your piles, here’s what you need to know about how insurance plays into the picture:

When is Hemorrhoid Surgery Necessary

Medicare: If you’re eligible and opt for surgery in a public hospital, Medicare has your back. You won’t have to dip into your own pocket for the procedure—it’s covered for public patients.

Private Health Insurance: If you prefer the comfort of a private hospital, your insurance might foot some of the bill. But here’s the kicker—you might still have to cough up some cash yourself. Private hospital cover can help with costs, but you might still see specialist fees, assistant surgeon fees, and anaesthetist fees on your bill. Plus, there might be an excess or co-payment to deal with, even with insurance in the mix.

Insurance Plans: Most insurance plans have your back when it comes to hemorrhoid treatments. They often cover various procedures, including less invasive options like IRC. However, make sure you check the fine print—some plans might have specific requirements. For example, you might need to have a particular type of hospital cover for a certain period before claiming for hemorrhoid surgery.

So, before you go scheduling that surgery, it’s worth checking in with your insurance provider to see what’s covered and what’s not.

Easing hemorrhoid symptoms with supplements

While supplements aren’t a cure for hemorrhoids, some can help ease symptoms by addressing underlying causes or providing specific benefits:

Easing hemorrhoid symptoms with supplements

Fiber Supplements

  • Main benefit: Softening stool and preventing constipation, a major trigger for hemorrhoids.
  • Common types: Psyllium husk (Metamucil), methylcellulose (Citrucel), calcium polycarbophil (FiberCon), guar gum (Benefiber).


  • Main benefit: Potentially strengthening blood vessel walls and improving circulation, which might be beneficial for hemorrhoids.
  • Common types: Horse chestnut seed extract, butcher’s broom extract, witch hazel extract.

Other Supplements

  • Triphala: An Ayurvedic herbal blend with potential anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. Some studies suggest that it may help with hemorrhoid symptoms, but researchers need to conduct more studies.
  • Witch hazel: May provide astringent and anti-inflammatory effects, offering temporary relief from itching and discomfort.

When is Hemorrhoid Surgery Necessary?

Surgery is generally recommended in cases where:

  • Hemorrhoids cause severe discomfort, pain, or bleeding that doesn’t respond to other treatments.
  • Hemorrhoids are large and prolapsed (protrude outside the anus).
  • If you have recurrent hemorrhoids despite lifestyle changes and medications, surgery may be necessary.

Recovery after Hemorrhoid Surgery

Recovery time varies but typically takes 1-2 weeks. It can involve:

  • Discomfort and pain around the anus, managed with medication.
  • Sitz baths for soothing and cleaning the area.
  • Dietary adjustments to prevent constipation.
  • Activity restrictions in some cases.


How long does it take to recover from hemorrhoid surgery?

Recovery from hemorrhoid surgery typically takes two to three weeks. However, it could take up to six weeks for some individuals, depending on their overall health and the severity of the hemorrhoids.

What does the average hemorrhoid surgery cost in the U.S.?

Average cost of a hemorrhoidectomy in the US is around $9,592 to $12,000. Additionally, This amount varies based on Type of surgery method, Facility Fees, Anesthesia, Surgeon’s Fees, and Geographic Location.

What does the average cost of hemorrhoid surgery in India?

In India, the average cost of hemorrhoid surgery ranges from Rs. 40,000 to Rs. 55,000. However, the cost can fluctuate based on the severity of the hemorrhoid, with prices ranging from approximately Rs. 7,800 to Rs. 1,40,000.

What does the average cost of piles surgery in Mexico?

The average cost of hemorrhoid surgery in Mexico is around $4,067 USD. However, prices typically range between $2,675 USD and $5,351 USD, significantly lower than in many other countries.

What does the average cost of hemorrhoid surgery in UAE?

The average cost of this surgery in UAE ranges approximatively between AED 20000 and AED 35000. This cost will be varies based on following factors such as the severity of the hemorrhoids, the type of procedure performed, and the hospital or clinic where the surgery is performed.

What does the average cost of hemorrhoid surgery in the Australia?

Its cost in Australia without private health insurance can range from around $3,500 to $7,000 or more.